Pancreatitis: How You Can Help Your Pet with Food

Pancreatitis: How You Can Help Your Pet with Food

Inflammatory disease of the pancreas is a growing concern for veterinarians and pet owners. Vets are noticing this issue coming up more frequently in clinical practice. But what is it? How is it diagnosed? What can cause it? What solutions do we have for helping animals with this problem? Nutrition is an important place to start. The pancreas is a digestive and endocrine organ so it’s logical to start by looking at foods that support healthy digestion and metabolic function. Chronic inflammation of digestive organ could be a sign of improper diet, hormonal imbalance, blunt abdominal injury, poisoning, infectious disease, immune-mediated illness and some drug therapies. Azotemia and increased liver enzymes are common with this condition. There are some breeds of dog that are more prone to getting pancreatitis including Miniture Schnauzers, Miniture Poodles and Spaniels. German Shepherds are prone to pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) which can also lead to pancreatitis episodes and other health problems. It’s important to do an examination and lab work to determine the most likely cause and treatment. We will look at how we can feed the body and support the pancreas so it can function correctly.

Signs and Symptoms

Depending on the severity of the pancreatic flare up, signs and symptoms may vary. Symptoms can include little or no appetite, pain in the abdominal region and/or back, diarrhea, vomiting, dehydration, lethargy, hypothermia and irregular heartbeat. It can be life-threatening so it’s important to consult your vet as early as possible. Often times, a pancreatic flare-up can occur after a pet consumes something he shouldn’t have (garbage) or after a fatty meal like bacon fat. It can also occur following a traumatic injury such as a car accident or after starting a new drug therapy. It can also become a recurring or chronic issue for which a long term treatment plan should be made. In chronic cases, it should be noted that the animal is in a weakened state that he may have trouble fully recovering from. He needs help beyond the basics to regain his health and so that symptoms do not keep returning. Diet and supportive food supplements are of utter importance in these cases.

Improper Diet and Pancreatitis

If a dog or cat is being fed a processed food source such as dry or canned foods, the diet is devoid of live enzymes. When pancreatic enzymes are the only source of live enzymes the body has access to during digestion, the pancreas sometimes can’t keep up. Even if your pet is seemingly fine most of the time on a dry food diet, the pancreas is being overtaxed by this massive demand for enzymes to break down food. Over time, the body can begin to compensate in a number of ways. Animals are, in a sense, running out of steam in the enzyme department. This can occur at any stage in life depending on the animal. Live enzymes only occur in living, raw foods. Many animals that have digestive concerns do well when they are switched onto a healthy and balanced raw food diet. Many have better success being put onto supportive digestive enzymes before the switch. You may even wish to cook the raw foods first (except for bones) and then slowly transition to raw. Long-term digestive enzyme support may be needed for animals that have been compromised for a long time. This will help the body and cells to fully repair themselves. Remember that Not All Raw Diets Are Created Equally and some are too high in saturated fats, made from low-quality, fatty cuts of meat. This can cause pancreatitis flare ups.

Treatments

Conventional treatments are broad since each case is different depending on the severity and the cause. Therapies could include IV fluids, drug therapy and prescription diet. A holistic vet may also use acupuncture, herbs, homeopathy or other complimentary medicines. A low fat diet is often essential for these animals. There are prescription veterinary diets that can be fed but, in my experience, I find fresh food diets to have a more healing and long-lasting effect. This is doubly true for chronic cases. Unfortunately, prescription veterinary diets are still devoid of live enzymes and are often made with low quality ingredients including meat by-products and chemical additives. They are usually low in fat (an important factor) but do not offer any way for the body to repair itself and avoid future flare ups. This needs to be done with high quality proteins, naturally occurring vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, phytonutrients, and ENZYMES.

Healthy Foods and Supplements for Pancreatic Health

-A Raw Diet

Animals suffering from pancreatic issues are usually enzyme deficient. Pets that do not receive live foods on a regular basis cannot keep up with their enzyme requirements and some run a deficit which can cause disease and inflammation of the pancreas. Because the pancreas is also part of the endocrine system, it affects metabolic functions such as blood sugar regulation, nervous system function and blood flow. Some pets are born with a deficiency at birth which makes it even harder, if not impossible, for them to recover without the aid of real food. By feeding as many living raw foods as possible, you will help your pet to find his equilibrium again. Get help balancing the diet by emailing me: [email protected]. Be strict with treats too and don’t allow others to feed your pet without asking. Treats should be natural, low fat and easily digestible.

-Low Fat Proteins

The pancreas is the body’s main source of the enzyme lipase. This enzyme is responsible for digesting fats. Animals with pancreatitis need a low fat diet because fat is hard for them to digest fat and this can cause flare ups. Stick to lean proteins such as extra lean beef, buffalo, elk, rabbit and kangaroo and steer clear of the fattier proteins like duck, pheasant, camel and lamb. Balancing the fats is also important. These pets may not be able to tolerate too much in the way of omega fatty acids. There are concentrated pharmaceutical grade omega oils on the market today that offer the anti-inflammatory benefits of the omega 3’s without having to feed a large portion. A low fat diet is crucial for pets with pancreatitis!

-Antioxidants

Antioxidants. As many and as often as possible. By adding antioxidants, you can help your pet to decrease inflammation within the tissues of the body. Animals dealing with inflammatory disease usually need more antioxidants than a healthy animal. Offer as many green leafy veggies and super green foods as possible such as spirulina, chlorella, and moringa leaf. Berries of all types offer a great source too.

-Pumpkin

Pumpkin is good to have on hand and to feed daily during flare ups. It naturally helps to bind loose stools and is soothing on the digestive system. Canned pumpkin with no spices or pulped raw pumpkin is best.

-Digestive Enzymes

Digestive enzymes are a must for all pets dealing with pancreatic disease. If they are to have a proper chance of recovery, this is a must. This takes the pressure off of the pancreas to produce all of enzymes needed for digestion. A high quality canine or feline specific enzyme powder is best and, the more variety, the better. Ask us for our recommendations.

-Glandular Supplementation

Glandulars have shown to be clinically effective in cases of glandular disease such as pancreatitis. Glandular supplements usually contain dessicated animal glands that are specific to the organ in need of support. These are usually available through veterinarians only so ask your vet if glandulars might be a good option for your pet.

-Individual Diet Planning

Cases of pancreatitis vary greatly so it’s best to have a professional help you to ensure you are taking all the appropriate steps and using the most appropriate foods for the individual animal. Other vitamins, minerals or supplementation may be useful depending on the case. Ask your holistic vet or a pet nutritionist for assistance. Don’t forget, we offer free diet planning and nutritional counselling!

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