Sadly, it has become common place for vets in North America to see chronic disease in their clinics. They are reporting higher incidents of serious illnesses in young animals that were once seen only in older animals, more chronic diseases such as cancer and auto-immune diseases, allergies, immune-mediated skin disorders and behavioral problems including aggression, anxiety and depression.
3P Naturals has proudly provided raw pet food diets for dogs and cats for over 15 years. Over the years, we have witnessed the beneficial results of feeding raw. Our mission is to improve and enrich the lives of pets through biologically appropriate nutrition. Our team of veterinarians, educators, consultants and staff strive to create the ultimate raw pet food diets for domestic carnivores.
The most commonly asked question is:“Why should I feed raw? What’s the difference?”
In 1993, after DNA testing Canis lupus (the wolf) and Canis familiarus (the dog), the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History and the American Society of Mammologists re-named the dog as a subspecies of the wolf: Canis lupus familiarus. Wolves and dogs are so closely related, it is impossible to classify them as two separate species. The outer appearance of our canine companions has been modified through selective breeding programs but physiologically and anatomically, they are virtually identical.
Throughout their years of domestication, dogs have been bred to do specific jobs. These jobs have had an effect on energy level and behaviour of each breed. When determining what’s best for each breed, we can examine their ‘occupations’ to make the right decisions. There are seven groups recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club. Below each group and their nutritional requirements are discussed.
A NOTE ON BODY SCORE
Body score is a scale that gives us a scale for assessing the current bodily state of an animal. A body score of 3 is ideal. A scoring of three means that the ribs are easily felt upon palpation but are not easily visible. Body scores are as listed below:
Will raw dog food make my dog aggressive?
Aggression is a behavior that animals show to protect themselves and their pack mates, and ultimately ensure their survival. Aggressive behavior has many root causes. Some are behavioral and some biochemical. Below, the connection between aggression and diet is discussed.
Some pet owners claim that raw dog food made their dog more aggressive. As mentioned above, aggression is a behavior that can arise when an animal is introduced to a new diet, however, there are several considerations that need to be made:
It is important for animals as it is for us to vary the diet. Offering variety ensures that all dietary requirements are met. Below, providing a balanced diet with all essential nutrients is discussed. For more information on balancing the raw pet food diet, see 3P Naturals Raw Pet Food Menu. If you are a dog owner, please also read our article on Breed-Specific Raw Diets for Dogs. Remember that all guidelines are not absolute and your holistic veterinarian should always be consulted on matter concerning diet.
Providing a balanced and varied diet for your pet is easy. It is important to simulate a “prey animal” and so varying food items will ensure that this is done. Basic guidelines are listed below:
Raw bones are an essential component of the raw diet, but the subject can be confusing to read about. Feeding bones to your pets should be done only after you have educated yourself fully on the subject. Raw bones must be fed safely and correctly. Below, we set the record straight on feeding bones.
Cooked Vs. Raw
Cooked bones and raw bones differ greatly. Cooked bones are dangerous and should never be fed to pets. As bones are heated, they become brittle and the calcium is extracted. Not only are they nutritionally compromised but they crack and splinter, forming sharp edges that are dangerous if swallowed. Cooked bones should be disposed of in a garbage can that is not accessible to pets. They are not edible.
Making Good Choices
Feeding a raw diet to your pet is as natural as it gets and it's important to understand the safest way to go about it. Any diet has its health risks when fed incorrectly so it's crucial to educate yourself before getting started. Proper food handling & storage and monitoring your pets' health are important parts of being a responsible pet owner. Following the guidelines below will keep you and your pets safe, healthy and happy.
Raw foods served to your pet should be guaranteed human-grade quality. It is unsafe to feed below human quality meats. You cannot compose a balanced diet if you are not certain of what you are feeding. Ensure that all raw foods that you provide to your pet came from healthy, human grade animals.
Breed plays a large part in how to feed your dog but age and energy level plays an equally important role. Age will help to determine how much to feed, how often to feed and, in some regards, what to feed. Below we will discuss the major life stages of dogs and cats. Also, see our article on breed-specific raw diets.
Age-Appropriate Raw Pet Food Diets For Dogs
Generally, a puppy is considered any dog less than one year of age but depending on breed, the growing stage can be much longer. Giant breeds can take up to 3 years to fully develop. The age that a dog is neutered or spayed will also be a major defining factor of how your pup grows and what the dietary needs are. See below for more details.
Diet plays a major role in the health and wellness of domestic animals. It is the cornerstone of health and its effects on the cells of the body over a lifetime are significant. Improper nutrition can deplete the body and cause dysfunction in many forms. Systemic dehydration is a leading issue with animals that are fed commercial diets and can lead to diseases in all organ systems. Below the most common health problems associated with domestic carnivores are discussed.
We can help! Once your pet has been examined by a veterinarian, we can suggest the best course for feeding your pet. Nutritional supplements can also be useful and, in some cases, conventional measures too.
All of the below nutrients are found in a balanced raw food diet. Biologically-appropriate sources for each are listed. Ask us for help on building a balanced diet for your pet.
Amino acids are organic compounds that combine to form proteins. They are essential for several biological processes including growth, repairing body tissues, neurotransmitter transport and biosynthesis. There are 10 essential amino acids that dogs cannot produce on their own and therefore must obtain them from diet. There are 11 for cats. For dogs, the essential amino acids are: Arginine, Methionine, Histidine, Phenylalanine, Isoleucine, Threonine, Leucine, Tryptophan, Lysine and Valine. For cats, the list is the same except one addition: Taurine.
Arginine: Elk, beef, buffalo, ostrich, kangaroo, venison meat, spinach
Methionine: Pheasant, turkey, quail, beef, elk, ostrich
Histidine: Venison, beef
Phenylalinine: Quail, beef, turkey
Isoleucine: Pheasant, beef, chicken, turkey
Threonine: Beef, pheasant, quail, turkey, venison, elk, chicken, rabbit, buffalo
Leucine: Beef, pheasant, turkey, quail, elk, chicken, buffalo
Tryptophan: Elk, pheasant, turkey, quail, rabbit, buffalo, chicken, spinach
Lysine: Beef, turkey, pheasant, elk, chicken, venison, rabbit, buffalo
Valine: Beef, pheasant, turkey, quail, duck, lamb
Taurine: Heart, liver, all muscle meat